According to McMaster University, peer review is the process used by publishers and editors of academic / scholarly journals to ensure that the articles they publish meet the accepted standards of their discipline. Manuscripts being considered for publication are sent to independent experts in the same field (the author's scholarly or scientific peers). They evaluate the quality of the scholarship, reliability of findings, relevance to the field, appropriateness for the journal, etc. (2017)
An aggregation from The Washington Post's Glenn Kessler's work on Fact Checker. Check to see how many Pinocchios a claim has received by Kessler.
Get balanced information on political statements or latest campaign ads. US-focused.
Coverage focused on the Middle East and related topics from around the world.
Universally respected news organization.
Canadian sourced news.
Fee-based tool that promises ad and clickbait free news that is curated to be trustworhty.
Crowd-sourced discussion and discovery.
(Milne Library, 2017)
Browser plug-ins identity fake news sources by adding a flag to the article such as "This website is considered a questionable source."
At the TEDSalon in London, Markham Nolan shares the investigative techniques he and his team use to verify information in real-time, to let you know if that Statue of Liberty image has been doctored or if that video leaked from Syria is legitimate.
Nolan, M. (n.d.). How to separate fact from fiction online [Video]. Retrieved from