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Fake News, Misinformation & Propaganda: Fact-Checking Websites & Apps

This guide provides quick access to relevant resources on Fake News, Misinformation & Propaganda

What is Peer Review?

According to McMaster University, peer review is the process used by publishers and editors of academic / scholarly journals to ensure that the articles they publish meet the accepted standards of their discipline. Manuscripts being considered for publication are sent to independent experts in the same field (the author's scholarly or scientific peers). They evaluate the quality of the scholarship, reliability of findings, relevance to the field, appropriateness for the journal, etc. (2017)


Fact Checking Apps

An aggregation from The Washington Post's Glenn Kessler's work on Fact Checker. Check to see how many Pinocchios a claim has received by Kessler.

Settle It! (Politifact)

Get balanced information on political statements or latest campaign ads. US-focused.

Quality News Apps
Al Jazeera

Coverage focused on the Middle East and related topics from around the world.


Universally respected news organization.


Canadian sourced news.


Fee-based tool that promises ad and clickbait free news that is curated to be trustworhty.


Crowd-sourced discussion and discovery.

Advice from Professional Fact Checkers

  1. Leave the site to research it.
  2. Ignore the order of search results in Google.
  3. Are the sources cited? Is there documentation?
  4. Watch for "click-bait."
  5. Watch for inflammatory language, as well as more subtle forms of persuasion.
  6. If the site allows readers to comment, read them.
  7. Read multiple sources of information to get a variety of viewpoints and media frames.

(Milne Library, 2017)

Browser Plug-ins

Browser plug-ins identity fake news sources by adding a flag to the article such as "This website is considered a questionable source."

Ted: Fact-Checking

At the TEDSalon in London, Markham Nolan shares the investigative techniques he and his team use to verify information in real-time, to let you know if that Statue of Liberty image has been doctored or if that video leaked from Syria is legitimate.

Nolan, M. (n.d.). How to separate fact from fiction online [Video]. Retrieved from                                                                                    markham_nolan_how_to_separate_fact_and_fiction_online