According to McMaster University, peer review is the process used by publishers and editors of academic / scholarly journals to ensure that the articles they publish meet the accepted standards of their discipline. Manuscripts being considered for publication are sent to independent experts in the same field (the author's scholarly or scientific peers). They evaluate the quality of the scholarship, reliability of findings, relevance to the field, appropriateness for the journal, etc. (2017)
(Milne Library, 2017)
Browser plug-ins identity fake news sources by adding a flag to the article such as "This website is considered a questionable source."
At the TEDSalon in London, Markham Nolan shares the investigative techniques he and his team use to verify information in real-time, to let you know if that Statue of Liberty image has been doctored or if that video leaked from Syria is legitimate.
Nolan, M. (n.d.). How to separate fact from fiction online [Video]. Retrieved from