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Fake News, Misinformation & Propaganda: References

This guide provides quick access to relevant resources on Fake News, Misinformation & Propaganda


Akhtar, M. (2016, November 16). How to spot fake news [Video]. Washington Post. Retrieved from

Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL). (2017). Information literacy competency standards for higher education. Retrieved from

CBC Marketplace. (2017, January 27). Fake video testimonials: Inside the world of fake reviews [Video]. Retrieved from

Constine, J. (2016, September 6). How facebook news feed works. Retrieved from

English Oxford Living Dictionaries. (n.d.). Confirmation bias. Retrieved from

English Oxford Living Dictionaries. (n.d.). Misinformation. Retrieved from

English Oxford Living Dictionaries. (n.d.). Post-truth. Retrieved from

Facing History & Ourselves. (2016). Confirmation and other biases. Retrieved from

FactCheck. (2016, December 8). How to spot fake news [Video]. Retrieved from

Indiana University East. (2017, February 20). Fake news: Resources. Retrieved from

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. (2017, January). How to spot fake news [Image]. Retrieved from

McMaster University. (2017). What does peer reviewed or refereed mean? Retrieved from

Milne Library. (2017, February 21). Decoding fake news: Fact-checking toolbox. Retrieved from http://lib

Nations, D. (2016, December 7). What is social media? Explaining the big trend. Retrieved from

Pitts, L. (2016, December 1). Pitts: Newspapers, the answer to fake news. Retrieved from

Rankin, S. (2017, February 23). Fake news figure [Image]. Retrieved from

Smith, B.L. (2016, February 17). Propaganda. Retrieved from

University of Texas Libraries. (2017, January 26). Evaluating news sources. Retrieved from

Wall Street Journal. (2016, November 15). Social media companies tackle fake news and abuse [Video]. Retrieved from