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MLA Citation Style (8th ed.): Examples By Type

This guide provides you with quick access to resources on the topic of MLA Citation Style (Eight Edition)

MLA Handout

MLA Handbook

Examples by Type

Basic Format.

Author Lastname, Author Firstname. Title of Source (Book). Name of Publisher, Publication Date.

One Author

One-author - in-text citation

Use a variety of styles when introducing information from sources for in-text citations, such as:

  1. use the author's name in the text when paraphrasing
  2. quote directly from the work word-for-word using author's name in text
  3. paraphrase without using the author's name in text Author's name in the text

In-text Citation Example - paraphrase

Purtilio studied patient care service levels identifying primary care as an area requiring rigorous assessment (111).

Works Cited Example

Cochrane, Allan. Understanding Urban Policy: A Critical Approach. Blackwell, 2007.

Two Authors.

Follow the following format guidelines:

  1. Include both last names in the in-text citation, connected by and (e.g., Palmer and Short 45).
  2. In Works Cited list, the first author written as last name, first name. Write second author as firstname lastname (e.g., Palmer, George, and Stephanie Short).
  3. List authors in the order they appear on the title page of the book.

In-text Citation Example

Providing equitable heath care services within a single medical environment is challenging yet achievable when assessed within a rigorous rubric; however, attempts to provide equitable service across multiple medical environments distributed across several provinces is problematic and varies widely (Palmer and Short 45).

Works Cited Example

Palmer, George and Stephanie Short. Health Care and Public Policy: An Australian Analysis. 4th ed., Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Chapter in an Edited Book, Essay in a Book Collection, Anthology.

Author Items considered under this citation guideline may include an essay in an edited collection or anthology, or a chapter of a book. In-text citation uses only name of author(s) of the anthology chapter, essay, or section not the anthology editor(s) name.

In-text Citation Example

The law debated in the House of Assembly states specifics regarding buffer zones around protest sites (Blumber 55).

Works Cited Basic Format

Author Lastname, Author Firstname. "Title of Chapter/Essay/Story." Title of Container (Book Collection or Anthology), edited by Firstname Lastname, Name of Publisher, Publication Date, pp. #-##.

Works Cited Example

Blumber, Robyn. "The Free Speech Rights of Abortion Protesters Should Not Be Restricted." Censorship: Opposing Viewpoints, edited by Tamara L. Roleff, Greenhaven, 2012, pp. 54-58.

eBook – Online from NSCC eBook Collection, with Database URL

In-text Example

The recruitment of children for the Nazi Party began in 1933 bringing all children between the ages of 10 and 18 into the Hitler Youth program (Kater 45).

Works Cited Basic Format

Author Lastname, Author Firstname. Title of Source (eBook). Name of Publisher, Publication Date, Title of Container (e-Book Collection Name), URL.

Works Cited Example

Kater, Michael H. Hitler Youth. Harvard University Press, 2004, EBSCOhost, login.ezproxy.nscc.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=282437&site=ehost-live.

eBook – Online from NSCC eBook Collection, with DOI.

A DOI is a unique, permanent identifier assigned to articles in many databases. Always include the DOI if one is provided (usually in the article’s full-text, abstract or database record). If there is a DOI, no other retrieval information is necessary.

In-text Citation Example

The author refers to the evolution of speech, specifically of Martin Luther King: “Gradually his language began to grow more visionary” (Alessandra 68).

Works Cited Basic Format

Author Lastname, Author Firstname. Title of Source (eBook). Name of Publisher, Publication Date, Title of Container (e-Book Collection Name), DOI.

Works Cited Example

Alessandra, Anthony J. Genius of Mind, Body & Spirit Ebook. Electronic & Database Publishing, Inc, 2000, EBSCOhost E-book, doi:heb.007588.0001.001.

Encyclopedia Entry, Print, Known Author.

In-text Citation Example

Lander provides a contemporary first-world socio-cultural optic on the relevance of Shakespeare’s work in the context of gender and transgender themes (589).

Works Cited Basic Format

Author Lastname, Author Firstname. "Title of Entry." Title of Container (Encyclopedia or Dictionary), edited by Editor's Firstname Lastname, Edition if given and not first edition, vol. #, Name of Publisher, Publication Date.

Works Cited Example

Lander, Jesse M. "Shakespeare, William." World Book Student, edited by Martin Jones, vol. 4, 2016. .

Encyclopedia entry – from Library Database, No Author.

In-text Citation Example

The self-applied term used by individuals who identify with a gender differing from their biological sex at birth (“Gender Identity Disorder” 674).

Works Cited Basic Format

"Title of Entry." Title of Container (Encyclopedia or Dictionary), edited by Editor's Firstname Lastname, Edition if given and not first edition, vol. #, Name of Publisher, Publication Date, pp. #-##. Name of Database, URL.

Works Cited Example

"Gender Identity Disorder." The Gale Encyclopedia of Mental Health, edited by Kristin Key, 3rd ed., vol. 1, Gale, 2012, pp. 670-76. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=nsprovl_nscc&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CCX4013200205&asid=8c0deae558b843da8ef44957cb7138c8.

Journal Article - Print, Basic Format.

Author Lastname, Author Firstname. "Title of Article." Title of Container (Journal), vol. #, issue. #, Publication Date written as Month/Season Year, pp. #-##.

Journal Article - Electronic from NSCC Library Database with DOI, Basic Format.

Author Lastname, Author Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Container (Journal), vol. #, issue. #, Publication Date written as Month/Season Year, pp. #-##. Title of Container (Database), DOI.

In-text Citation Example

Sasani and Arjmandi posit that Atwoods' writing resists societal normalizing identification instead of integrating and celebrating women's disenfranchised voices (1524).

Works Cited Example

Sasani, Samira, and Diba Arjmandi. "The 'I' Against an 'Other'": Gender Trouble in the Edible Woman." Theory and Practice in Language Studies, vol. 5, no. 7, February 2015, pp. 1520-24. ProQuest Central, doi:10.17507/tpls.0507.28.

Journal Article - Electronic from NSCC Library Database with URL, Basic Format.

Author Lastname, Author Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Container (Journal), vol. #, issue. #, Publication Date written as Month/Season Year, pp. #-##. Title of Container (Database), URL.

In-text Citation Example

Pollin, Burton R. "Edgar Allan Poe as a Major Influence upon Allen Ginsberg." The Mississippi Quarterly, vol. 52, no. 4, Fall 1999, pp. 535-58. ProQuest Central, login.ezproxy.nscc.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/213521494?accountid=400

Works Cited Example

Sasani, Samira, and Diba Arjmandi. "The 'I' Against an 'Other'": Gender Trouble in the Edible Woman." Theory and Practice in Language Studies, vol. 5, no. 7, February 2015, pp. 1520-24. ProQuest Central, doi:10.17507/tpls.0507.28.

 

Journal Article from Internet Magazine on the Open Web
  • MLA recommends the inclusion of URLs unless your instructor stipulates that they be omitted.
  • MLA guidelines now omit the http:// part of the URL of items located on the Internet.

In-text Citation Example

Jackson proposed high-tech virtual reality exposure as an alternative to drug therapy (47).

Works Cited Example

Jackson, Arthur. "New Approaches to Drug Therapy." Psychology Today and Tomorrow, vol. 2, no. 1, August 2007, pp. 46-48, www.psychologytoday.com/.

Journal Article Retrieved from an NSCC Library Database (Proquest Central, ERIC, Gale Virtual Reference Library), with a DOI.

In-text Citation Example

Sasani and Arjmandi posit that Atwood's writing resists societal normalizing identification instead of integrating and celebrating women's disenfranchised voices (1524).

Works Cited Example

Sasani, Samira, and Diba Arjmandi. "The 'I' Against an 'Other'": Gender Trouble in the Edible Woman." Theory and Practice in Language Studies, vol. 5, no. 7, February 2015, pp. 1520-24. ProQuest Central, doi:10.17507/tpls.0507.28.

Journal Article Retrieved from a NSCC Library Database (Proquest Central, ERIC, Gale Virtual Reference Library), with URL.

In-text Citation Example

Researchers find Poe's work "unconventional, vividly uninhibited poems about social, political, and sexual conduct and action" (Pollin 541).

Works Cited Example

Pollin, Burton R. "Edgar Allan Poe as a Major Influence upon Allen Ginsberg." The Mississippi Quarterly, vol. 52, no. 4, Fall 1999, pp. 535-58. ProQuest Central, login.ezproxy.nscc.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/213521494?accountid=400.

Basic Format.

Author Lastname, Author Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Container (Webpage), Publication Date, URL. Accessed Date written as Day Month Year.

Article from Internet site

MLA guidelines now omit the http:// part of the URL of items located on the Internet.

In-text Citation Example

Schuchard reviews Paul Peucker's most recent book stating that it is a "painstaking and thorough examination" of archival sources.

 Works Cited Example

Schuchard, Marsha Keith. "Book review: Paul Peucker, A Time Shifting: Mystical Marriage of the Crisis of Moravian Piety in the Eighteenth Century." Hell's Printing Press: The Official Blog of the William Black Archive and Black/An Illustrated Quarterly. 2017, blog.blakearchive.org/. Accessed 12 March 2017.

Magazine Article, Open Web

Basic Format

Author Lastname, Firstname. "Web Page Title." Web Site Title, Date of Publication, URL.

In-text Citation Example

Friendman's piece states underlying tensions borne by long standing dysfunction in the U.S.-Russia relationship.

Works Cited Example

Friedman, Uri. "Russia and America Are Once Again at Odds." The Atlantic, April 9, 2017, www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/04/russia-america-syria-trump/522435/. Accessed 20 April 2017.

Web Page, No Author.

In-text Citation Example

In British Columbia 13% of the population or over 550,000 cases of foodborne illnesses are reported ("Food Safety").

Works Cited Example

"Food Safety". BC Centre for Disease Control. 2017, www.bccdc.ca/health-info/food-your-health/food-safety. Accessed 10 February 2017.

Tweet (Twitter Post)

Basic Format

Username. "Text of the Tweet." Twitter, Date, Time, URL.

In-text Citation Example

Self-proported futurist and tech pioneer, Leesa Renee Hall uses her Twitter feed to share shore videos on a variety of topics including innovation.

Works Cited Example

@leesareneehall.#GenX: We’ve Been Ignored, But No One Can Ignore Our #Innovation in #Tech dlvr.it/Nm1yPh. Twitter, March 30, 2017, twitter.com/leesareneehall

Audio Visual, Basic Format.

Audiovisual includes motion pictures, audio and television broadcasts, maps, artwork, photography.

There is no single basic format for media citations when creating a Works Cited list. Please refer to the MLA Handbook 8th ed. pages 24, 28, 30, 33. Consult the MLA Handbook index for film, television, and video.

TV Show

Basic Format

“Source.” “Episode Title.” Title of Container (Series), Contributors (Creator, Director), season #, episode #, Network, Broadcast Date.

In-text Citation Example

The final scene where Jax opens his arms meeting death is reminiscent of a Christ image and foretold earlier in the episode as he speaks with the homeless man on the court steps (Papa's Goods).

Works Cited Example

"Papa's Goods". Sons of Anarchy, directed by Kurt Sitter, season 7, episode 13, FX, 9 December, 2014.

Online video clip (YouTube, Vimeo)

Basic Format

Author name or Username. "Title of Video." Website Title, Date, URL.

In-text Citation Example

Brilliant time-lapse images support theories of climate change and consequences of receding ice (National Geographic). National Geographic.

Works Cited Example

"Chasing Antarctic Ice National Geographic." Youtube, 24 March 2014, youtu.be/-2eKzOYcDWc.

Video from Online Streaming Services such as Netflix, Hulu, Google Play, Amazon Prime

Basic Format

When citing a specific episode, follow this format: "Title." Series title, season #, episode 3, Network, Date. Name of digital streaming media service, URL.

In-text Citation Example

This adaptation of Jay Asher's book is a passive-aggressive, jumbled, and thinly written delivering no insights into teenage depression, bullying, and suicide stemming from the first reasons she lists - a rumor started by the first boy she kisses (Tape 1, Side 1).

Works Cited Example

"Tape 1, Side A." 13 Reasons Why, season 1, episode 13, Netflix Original, 31 March 2017. Netflix, www.netflix.com/browse?jbv=80107549&jbp=2&jbr=1.

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