Information that is short and non-explanatory and solely deals with facts. Found in encyclopedias, almanacs, and on government sites such as Statistics Canada
Example: Canada is comprised of 10 provinces and 3 territories.
The interpretation of factual information; the type of information that researchers generate in their studies. Found in books and journals.
Example: Based on crash statistics, the Province of Nova Scotia designated the road as dangerous.
Information from only one point of view such as an opinion. Found in books, journals, websites and book reviews.
Example: Going to that movie is a waste of time!
Information that is understood from multiple viewpoints and presents all sides of an argument. Found in reference books, and newspapers that have balanced and fair reporting. Opposing Viewpoints and Facts on File are both great objective databases.
Example: While many people don't like winter, some look forward to the season so they can ski and play hockey.
(Dean B. Ellis Library, 2017)
Original documents that were created during the studied period of time.
Examples in the Humanities (literature, language, history, philosophy):
Examples in the Sciences:
Analytical documents that interpret primary sources. Using peer-reviewed publications is recommended, and avoid using internet sources except for government websites, websites of reputable associations or websites approved by the instructor.
Descriptive documents that compile or index primary and secondary sources. Tertiary sources aid in the identification of sources rather than the evaluation of their content.
Columbus State Library. (2021, February 17). Source types [Video]. You Tube. https://youtu.be/_k3K1mI_ui0