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2SLGBTQ+ Resources: Gender Identity & Expression

This guide provides access to resources on 2SLGBTQ+ issues in Canada and NS, as well as statistics and links to community organizations. It was developed in consultation with NSCC's Office of Human Rights and Equity Services.


Nova Scotia flag with Canadian flag and Pride rainbow flagWhat is Gender Identity?  

Gender identity is the internal sense a person has of their identity as male and/or female; and/or a variation or combination of genders. Today, more people feel comfortable to come out regarding their gender identity. It can be a long path to discover and embrace your true self. If your gender does not match your sex, you may even take steps to have your body represent who you really are.

Gender Nonconforming and Nonbinary

Some people identify as gender nonconforming. Nonconforming means their appearance does not match what we might expect for a female or male. Someone who is nonbinary feels they are neither male nor female. Nonbinary people experience gender existing outside of those ideas.  

Trans or Genderqueer

People who are trans or genderqueer are more likely to be harassed or assaulted. They may also have more mental health challenges due to stigma around their identity.


People from Indigenous communities in North America may use the term Two-Spirited. Two-spirited people are of both genders, or as a third separate gender.

Important! Gender identity is separate from sexuality. While some Trans, Genderqueer or Two-spirited people may also be lesbian, gay, bi or pansexual, or queer, many are not.



Searching for LGBTQ Health. (n.d.). Trans community. Retrieved from



Gender : What Everyone Needs to Know®
Gender Trauma: Healing Cultural, Social, and Historical Gendered Trauma
The ABC's of LGBT+
You and Your Gender Identity
Gender Identity: Beyond pronouns and bathrooms
Nonbinary: Memoirs of gender and identity
Under the rainbow : a primer on queer issues in Canada
Queer: a Graphic History
The Unfinished Dollhouse: a memoir of gender and identity
Beyond Trans: Does gender matter?
The A-Z of Gender and Sexuality: from Ace to Ze
Nonbinary Gender Identities
Queeriodic Table
The Trans Generation: how trans kids (and their parents) are creating a gender revolution
A Practical Guide to Gender Diversity and Sexuality in Early Years
Queerly Canadian : an introductory reader in sexuality studies
In a Queer Voice
Transgender Mental Health
Violence Against Queer People
Queer X Design
Transgender 101