Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Academic Integrity: Citing Sources

This guide has been created to provide you with quick access to resources on the topic of Academic Integrity.

Quotation of Sources

libsncu. (2014, July 23). Citation: A (very) brief introduction [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/IMhMuVvXCVw

A direct quotation is "reproduc[ing] word for word material directly quoted from another author's work" (APA). A direct quote is the exact words of the original author without any changes to the text.

The following guidelines may help further your understanding of when to provide an in text citation:

  • Cite direct quotations that you copy from another source

  • Cite statistics and data

  • Cite pictures, illustrations and other multimedia

  • Cite resources located in the public domain

  • Cite online sources including websites, articles, blogs, listservs, discussion boards, etc.

An indirect quotation (paraphrase) is when you express an idea or concept from another author’s work in your own words. Using an indirect quote involves taking information from the original source and paraphrasing or putting it into your own words.

When you paraphrase, you must also credit the original source (APA).

The following guidelines may help you when citing indirect (paraphrase) quotations:

  • Cite all indirect or paraphrased quotes

  • Cite ideas or concepts from another author that are not your own original ideas

Common knowledge refers to information you can reasonably expect the general public to know such as widespread facts, dates or historical events. Common knowledge does not need to be cited; however, a good practice is to speak with your instructor when you are unsure if information is common knowledge.

Examples of Common Knowledge:

  • A year has 365 days

  • Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories

  • Canada uses the dollar as its currency

The following are some practices that may assist you in your research experience:

  • Practice effective note-taking

  • Keep a working bibliography

  • Paraphrase ideas into your own words

  • Refer to the text to make sure you have not unintentionally copied information

  • Use your own voice to put a new twist on old information

  • When in doubt, provide full and complete references

  • Remember that research, writing, and citing take time

For more information on effective research practices, visit Library Services Research Guide

Plagarism Rap (Cite Your Sources)

University of Alberta. Dean of Students (2013, December 8). Plagiarism rap: Cite your sources [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/bT6S4ERI0o8