For a sprint to be effective it is important to work together to determine a goal for the sprint. Having a clear goal early will help to create a shared understanding and ensure that people will be attending the sprint with shared expectations. Developing goals for the sprint is something that require considerable attention and detail and this process can be informed by design thinking. You may wish to consider hosting a design session before the sprint to work together to develop common goals.
Checklist: Develop a Goal
Decide of the Duration of the Sprint
Determine a length for the sprint. Often open resource sprints are between 2 and 5 days but this really depends on the resource that you need to create. A good rule of thumb is to plan for 6 hour days, although this can be longer.
Roles in a sprint vary depending on the context as do the number of participants. In “How to Solve Big Problems and Test New Ideas in Just Five Days” the authors suggest that the ideal number of sprint participants is six, in order to come to decisions about content relatively quickly.
To run a sprint effectively requires a team that includes:
 Knapp, J., Zeratsky, J., & Kowitz, B. (2016). Sprint: How to solve big problems and test new ideas in just five days. Simon & Schuster.